Domestic Violence Information

As per Section 3 of the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, Domestic Violence has been defined as any act, omission or commission or conduct of the respondent which results in harm or injures or endangers the health, safety, life, limb or well-being, whether mental orphysical, of the aggrieved person or tends to do so and includes causing physical abuse, sexual abuse, verbal and emotional abuse and economic abuse.

It also includes within its purview harassment, harm, injures or endangerment of the aggrieved person with a view to coerce her or any other person related to her to meet any unlawful demand for any dowry or other property or valuable security.

There is no fixed form of domestic violence in India; it differs with households, individuals and situations. Domestic violence in India could result in anything from death to debilitating physical injuries. It may be physical, emotional, verbal, sexual and economic in nature perpetrated against a woman.      

Physical violence such as beating, slapping, hitting with hand/objects, punching, kicking, pushing, shoving, pulling of hair etc. are considered as domestic violence, in India. 
Emotional and verbal abuse which are considered to be of the nature of domestic violence are;

  • constant demands for dowry;

  • threats of violence or desertion;

  • ridicules, name calling insults regarding child bearing and son preference or not bringing dowry,

  • taunts on looks, culinary skills, character assassination;

  • preventing the woman or child from going to college/school, preventing one from taking up a job, forcing one to leave a job;

  • preventing from leaving home with or without child;

  • preventing one from meeting a person;

  • forcing one to get married, preventing marriage to a person of one’s choice;

  • threatening to commit suicide etc.

Sexual abuse in the form of coerced sexual intercourse or unnatural sexual acts, forcing a woman to watch or participate in pornography, any act of sexual nature to abuse humiliate or degrade person or violative of one’s dignity or unwelcome sexual conduct are considered to be of the nature of domestic violence in India. A husband does not have the right to establish sexual contact with his wife without her consent. This is a form of cruelty and can be classified as domestic violence.    

Economic or financial hardships suffered by women, which can be considered as forms of domestic violence in India are:

  • Failure of a husband to maintain and provide for his wife

  • Failure of a son to maintain and provide for his mother

  • Husband preventing his wife from working

  • Husband taking away wife’s income

  • A male forcing his mother/wife/sister/daughter/live-in partner out of his house

  • A woman whose access is stopped to house or any part thereof

  • A woman not allowed to use household articles etc.

(NOTE: The types of ‘domestic violence’ mentioned above are merely indicative scenarios. The purview of domestic violence can be much larger) 

We at Abhilasha intend to provide relief to bruised and battered women suffering from different forms of domestic violence by coordinating with concerned authority and other non-governmental organistions. We also intend to provide counselling to couples to help them solve their issues through conciliation. Feel free to write in to us at the ‘Get Free Advice’ Section of this website.